Heart Health & Stroke

The best care

 

 

Stroke

A stroke is an injury to the brain as a result in abnormal blood circulation.  This injury most commonly causes paralysis of one side of the body, but it may also cause disturbances of speech and vision.  Strokes can occur at any age and have many causes.

Strokes can be divided into two classes:

    1. Hemorrhagic caused by bleeding into parts of the brain
    2. Ischemic caused by interruption of blood flow to parts of the brain

Many disease processes contribute to these causes of stroke.  These can be divided as below.

1. Hemorrhagic stroke (bleeding in parts of the brain)

     *   Uncontrolled blood pressure
     *   Brain aneurysm
     *   Bleeding disorder

2. Ischemic stroke (interruption of blood flow to parts of the brain)

     *   Diabetes
     *   Lipid and cholesterol disorders
     *   Tobacco in any form
     *   Cocaine
     *   Intravenous drug abuse
     *   Atrial fibrillation

There are many ways to prevent most strokes and maintaining a healthy lifestyle is key to this.

  1. Diet and exercise

  2. Consistently taking medications as prescribed

  3. Appropriate diagnostic studies including:

    1. Heart studies including Electrocardiograms (EKG)

    2. UItrasound of blood flow to brain (Carotid Doppler Studies)


The key to survival of strokes is early recognition of risks and signs of ongoing stroke.

  1.  Face takes on a droop to one side
  2.  Arms inability to move one arm
  3.  Speech slurred speech
  4.  Time act quickly dial 911 for emergency transport to hospital

 

Recovery from Stroke

 

Recovery from stroke depends on the type of stroke and the other illnesses that contribute.

Recovery is best for those who

1. Stop smoking

2. Control blood pressure

3. Control Diabetes

4. Control Cholesterol

5. Involve in active rehabilitation programs

6. Family and community support

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